Nigerian Pepper Soup Recipe

Why It Performs

  • Toasting the spices ahead of grinding develops their flavors. 
  • A handmade blend of spices delivers extra taste than a retail store-acquired mix.
  • Using skin-on, bone-in hen generates a deeply flavorful soup with a rich texture.

Pepper soup―a comforting Nigerian soup seasoned with a spice blend and refreshing lemongrass―is popular year-round, savored across the place and served by road foodstuff suppliers in bars and restaurants from the wet time (March to November) to harmattan (November to March), the dry period that commences with dust-laden winds blowing over the place from the Sahara. The name is a misnomer simply because the soup is just not always defined by a pepper-forward flavor profile―the flavors are a lot a lot more complex, with nutty, bitter, woodsy, and floral notes, as properly as heat. 

This just one-pot dish marries a deeply-flavored broth with a protein. For meat, it’s common to use chicken (stewing hens, alternatively of broilers, are preferred for their fuller flavor), goat, or cow’s foot, along with an assortment of offal, these kinds of as tripe, intestines, liver, and kidney. As for seafood, you will see versions manufactured with tilapia, catfish, croaker, snapper, or dried fish. There are locations that even offer you ‘point-and-kill’ option, wherever you can choose are living catfish from a tank and have it be geared up to order―whole, cut into chunks, head provided or eradicated, with herbs, and with different spice levels, according to your tastes. And then there is occasion pepper soup, typically created with a combine of meat and offal, which is usually served as the initially study course at Nigerian get-togethers. 

The broth is seasoned with a blend of ordinarily two or extra indigenous spices (entire, crushed, or finely ground), like erhe (calabash nutmeg), urheri/uda (grains of Selim), alligator pepper (grains of paradise), umilo (cocoplum), and gbafilo (rough-skinned plum). When you’ve got made a decision on your protein, it is merely a issue of combining it with the spice blend, water, and herbs like lemongrass leaves, which are utilized as drugs and food in Nigeria, integrated into tonics, tea, broths). Increasing up, my mum often added lime leaves (not a typical addition but 1 that pairs well). Other people like to add some heft to their broth by incorporating tomatoes, onions, and clean chiles. To complete, it is popular to increase some shredded scent leaf (Ocimum gratissimum), an herb that is linked to mint and basil. 

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My favorite edition of pepper soup is from the Niger Delta region in southern coastal Nigeria, which is distinguished by the truth that it takes advantage of additional spices in its spice blend. When I was a child, my mum and grandma made many variations of it, which include a thick, creamy soup referred to as ukodo, in which yams and/or unripe plantains are cooked instantly in the broth seasoned with akaun (a native alkaline rock salt that contributes a somewhat mineral and earthy essence). As the vegetables cook dinner, they soften, yielding a pepper soup with a thicker, sauce-like consistency.

For the edition underneath, which is made with rooster and influenced by my mum and grandmother, I start off by mixing, toasting, and grinding spices―nutty erhe, smoky and musky urheri, aromatic and spicy alligator pepper with notes of ginger, pepper and cardamom, and nutty-tasting umilo and gbafilo―to yield a deeply-flavored, complete-bodied blend. Once that’s performed, I merge the chicken, ground crayfish (a powder designed from smoked and/or dried shrimp and prawns recognised regionally as crayfish), lemongrass leaves (I use stalks of lemongrass when I just cannot obtain the tall, thin leaves), and the spice mix, alongside with drinking water, in a pot. As quickly as the hen is tender, I end it with lime leaves and period with Nigerian dry pepper (you can use cayenne if you have it) and salt.

You can engage in all-around with the proteins. If you might be applying tender rooster (broilers), fish, or prawns and other seafood that get considerably less time to cook dinner, I propose cooking the soup reduced and gradual and also including bones or shells to the pot to build and focus the flavor. For seafood variations, I like to use prawn or shrimp stock as an alternative of drinking water. When the taste has made, I strain out the bones or shells, incorporate the seafood, and simmer until finally cooked. 

At home, I love serving pepper soup with frivolously salted boiled yam, just-ripe plantains, and lashings of thick, unrefined pink palm oil―I remarkably advise you do the same.